Much of America`s political structure and national politics dates back to the conflict between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, Cornell law professor Robert C. Hockett said June 2 at 92nd Street Y in New York City. Alexander Hamilton played an important role in the founding of the United States. He was adjutant to George Washington during the Revolution, a member of the Continental Congress in 1782, 1783, and 1788 and of the Constitutional Convention in 1787, and first secretary of the Treasury. In 1804, Aaron Burr killed Hamilton in a duel that emerged from ill will after Federalist leader Hamilton supported Thomas Jefferson in Burr`s place in the disputed election of 1801. The disagreements were not about President Washington. They might even be useful until he realized (1792) the very personal nature of the differences between two of the members of his cabinet: Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. In the 1790s, a conflict between the first American political parties took shape. In fact, the Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, and the Republicans (also called Democratic Republicans), led by Thomas Jefferson, were the first political parties in the Western world. Unlike loose political groupings in the British House of Commons or in the American colonies before the revolution, both had reasonably coherent and principled platforms, relatively stable followers, and ongoing organizations. George Washington (1732-1799), a Virginia planter and veteran of the American Border Wars, was the sole commander of all the forces of revolutionary America during the Eight Years` Revolutionary War. His leadership during the Revolution led to his election as the first President of the United States (1789-1797). Abigail Smith Adams (1744-1818) was a strong advocate for women`s political, educational, and marital rights, and a wise and wise political advisor to her husband John Adams, a revolutionary leader and second president of the United States.
She was a mother of six and ran the family farm and investments while being her husband`s main supporter and advisor. After attacking the government of Federalist President John Adams in the press, Thomas Cooper (1759–1839), a political writer and ardent Republican, was indicted in April 1800 for seditious slander against Adams before Federalist Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase (1741–1811). Cooper was convicted, fined and imprisoned. Republican political leaders sharply criticized Judge Chase, and he was eventually indicted (but not convicted) in 1804 after Republicans took control of the government. .